AGRICULTURE

Unmanned aircraft allow farmers, agronomists, crops insurance providers, seed companies and others working in the agriculture sector to see cropland from a new perspective. Fields can be mapped in minutes and the condition of the crops they contain assessed using various sensor technologies attached to unmanned aircraft.

DIFFERENTIATING MATERIALS

A variety of data can be collected by unmanned aircraft and sensor combinations. One example is spectroscopy, which captures the entire spectrum of light. It gives analysts the ability to discriminate specific chemicals and elements and monitor subtle changes in the visible and near-infrared radiation that plants reflect.

Using cameras that can measure reflective properties of  materials allows a spectroscopy data set to be created that can aid in telling different materials apart. Measuring more than one band at a time can help create a graph of the reflective properties at each of these bands.  Graphing the reflective properties of each of the bands measured gives the client a graph that can be used to tell differences between materials that otherwise might look the same but contains different elements.

In addition to agriculture, unmanned aircraft technology can be used to service fields in  biology, forestry, mining, environmental research, and infrastructure inspection.